Music therapy, a board certified health profession that has about 7,500 practitioners nationwide, is becoming more prevalent in nursing homes and hospices because of sessions like those shared between Ms. Kelly and Mrs. Herzog, which helped Mrs. Herzog feel like she was being heard. And within that, there is a developing subspecialty in Ms. Kelly’s expertise: end-of-life music therapy.
About 15 percent of music therapists now work in geriatric settings, and about 10 percent with terminally ill patients, according to a 2017 employment survey by the American Music Therapy Association, which asked about 1,500 music therapists.
Russell Hilliard, the founder of the Center for Music Therapy in End of Life Care in Finksburg, Md., has published research showing that in the hospice environment, music therapists were often the only professionals consistently treating emotional, spiritual, cognitive, social and physical needs of patients.
When he started in the field in 1993, he was perhaps the first full-time music therapist in an American hospice, he said. As a sign of the field’s growth, he is now an executive at Seasons Hospice & Palliative Care, which employs about 80 music therapists nationwide.
While it has not been proven to extend life, multiple studies have shown music therapy can improve quality of life, inspire feelings of peace, spirituality and hope, and reduce pain. More studies are continuing, as music therapists seek to make their profession as central in end-of-life care as social workers and chaplains. Currently, most insurance companies and government-funded health programs do not cover music therapy directly.
End-of-life music therapy also includes work being done by people like Kristen O’Grady, a music therapist who works with terminally ill children and their families at the Elizabeth Seton Pediatric Center in Yonkers. She helps parents sing to their children, records the children’s sounds, and helps parents write and record lullabies.
“When we talk about end-of-life work, we are talking about loss,” Ms. O’Grady said. “But music is an inherently creative process. So we are directly opposing this feeling of loss with a feeling of creation. We are having creative, new experiences even in the last moments of someone’s life.”
Credit Jeenah Moon for The New York Times
At the Hebrew Home, which has 735 residents, Ms. Kelly is the sole creative arts therapist who specializes in end-of-life care in a team of 12 art, drama, movement and music therapists. She is most often called in when patients are judged to have six months or less to live to help them frame their lives and provide support. About one-third of her 10 to 15 current patients, she said, are regularly able to write songs with her, a process in which Ms. Kelly sets their thoughts to melodies she improvises. Others listen.
In a session with Grace Sullivan, who is 102 and has profound hearing loss, Ms. Kelly asked if she wanted to hear music. “Something sweet and low,” she said in a raspy voice. Ms. Kelly sang “Que Sera, Sera (Whatever Will Be, Will Be),” as performed in 1956 by Doris Day.
She and other music therapists working in end-of-life care often play music from when their clients were young, to help transport them back to a time when they were able-bodied. Mrs. Sullivan, who was in a wheelchair, responded to “Que Sera, Sera” by sighing in rhythm to the music. Ms. Kelly started sighing too, to reflect back to her feelings and deepen them.
“How do you feel, Grace?” she asked afterward.
“Good, I feel good,” she said.
For Shirley Weinrich, 83, who has Alzheimer’s disease, she played relaxing music, and improvised some lyrics. “When you’re smiling, it’s so bright,” Ms. Kelly said, trying to get a smile.
Relatives who have been at sessions are sometimes shocked. Jeffrey Schecter, 44, whose mother, Joyce, died at the Hebrew Home in October, recalled a visit near the end of her life when Ms. Kelly was playing a Jewish folk song, which Ms. Schecter loved. She had been fairly unresponsive that day, because of advanced dementia.
Then Ms. Kelly started to sing “Hava Nagila,” “and my mom starts joining in, and this strength was coming from somewhere, and she was belting, ‘Hava Nagila.’ I just stood back and actually filmed some of it,” he said. “It was like she couldn’t help but do anything but join in. It just brought me to tears, because I hadn’t seen that kind of energy for a while.”
Credit Jeenah Moon for The New York Times
It’s a memory he cherishes.
“I remember leaving that day, thinking if that’s one of the last times I see my mom, you can’t beat that,” he said.
He invited Ms. Kelly to play at his mother’s funeral, and she sang “Hava Nagila” at the cemetery.
When another resident, Jose Reyes, died in 2016 at age 100, Ms. Kelly gave his daughter a CD of the song he had written, “All We Have Is Today.” His daughter, Alida, read the lyrics at the funeral.
“We remember our yesterdays/All we have is today/We don’t know if we have a tomorrow/All we have is today,” the chorus goes.
Ms. Kelly, a trained flutist, said she became a music therapist in 2013 after the death of her own father reminded her of the fragility of life. Enrolled in the graduate program for music therapy at Molloy College, she said she clearly remembered the moment when she decided to go into end-of-life work.
As part of her training, she visited an infirmary on the island of Jamaica with 20 people to a room. One woman was so frail her bones were visible beneath her skin, Ms. Kelly said. But when Ms. Kelly strummed a guitar at her bedside, the woman sat up in bed, lifted her arms and began to move rhythmically.
“And I thought to myself, this is it, this is the work,” she said. “It was as though the light was off for her, and then playing music turned the light back on for her. And for me, that’s really how I see my work. Just turning the light on for people.”